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司布真论:达秘弟兄会(陈鸽翻译)

 “普利茅斯弟兄会(即:达秘的封闭弟兄会)对道德原则是完全麻木不仁的。真的,我不知道任何一个宗派如此丧心病狂。在我所认识的所有的宗教派系当中,它是最自私自利的一个!它是完全自我封闭的!

它不承认其它任何宗派是基督的教会,不论英国圣公会,或非国教的新教派,它一概都不承认。达秘在公开的文字上与私人的信件中反复说明:唯有属于他一会的人,才组成伦敦市的真正教会。

没人见过一个达秘的粉丝,参加我们的圣经班、宣教聚会、或其它福音团契。不论别人信仰多么纯正、正统,多么敬虔、爱主,弟兄会还是基本上视他们为非正统的旁门左道,并且在教会管理上出了差错,所以,他们相信,与别人在事工上同负一轭是有罪的。

这种执着的信念,自然导致了他们属灵的骄傲。他们相信在所有的宗派群体中,唯有他们获得了真理的知识。所以,他们很顺理成章,居高临下,可怜其它的基督教派。不但如此,他们自己的一些成员承认,他们甚至鄙视别人。

这种优越感,自然导致了他们的骄傲自负、唯我独尊,以致与他们意见相左的人,往往很受不了。这种心态,在达秘的身上,更是一览无遗:他呈现出一副绝对无误的样子。

基本上,达秘先生是新教里的、一个彻头彻尾的教皇。他永远不会承认自己的错误,所以,当有人挑战他神学的正确性时,他也自然置若罔闻、拒绝争辩。是的,这也是很合情合理的。(司布真)

达秘对倪柝声的影响:(互动百科:http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E5%80%AA%E6%9F%9D%E5%A3%B0

倪柝声阅读了多达3000本基督教历代著作。其中对倪柝声产生深远影响的主要有两个源头:

弟兄会

一个是英国弟兄会,或与弟兄运动(Brethren Movement)有关的,以达秘(JohnNelson Darby) 和慕勒(G. Muller)为代表(注),以及马金多(C. H. Mackintosh)、卡亭(G. Cutting)、开雷(W. Kelly)等。弟兄会的影响主要是在教会和解经、预言(特别是郭维德(Robert Govett)、潘汤D.M.Panton)和彭伯(G.H.Pember))这些方面。

内里生命派

另一个就是内里生命派,诸如:盖恩夫人(Madame Jeanne Guyon)、宾路易师母Mrs.JessiePenn-Lewis)、慕安德烈(AndrewMurry)、史百克(T.AustinSparks)等。1939年,倪柝声曾去伦敦访问史百克(T.Austin Sparks)。内里生命派的影响是在生命、基督、圣灵、人的三部分(灵、魂、体)、主观的十字架和属灵争战这些方面。

 注:达秘(J N Darby)与穆勒(G Muller),分别代表封闭与开放弟兄会,两者分道扬镳,互不相干。(资料来源:英文维基百科:乔治穆勒http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_M%C3%BCller

原文如下: Charles Spurgeon on DarbyBrethrenism

“PlymouthBrethren (referring to the Closed Brethren of Darby) have no feeling wherevertheir principles are concerned. I know indeed of no sect or denomination soutterly devoid of kindness of heart. It is the most selfish religious systemwith which I am acquainted. It is entirely wrapped up in itself.

Itrecognizes no other denomination, whether the Church of England, or either ofthe Nonconformist denominations, as a church of Christ. Mr. Darby has again andagain said in print, as well as written in private, that those who belong tohis party in the metropolis, constitute the only church of Christ in London. .. .

Noone ever saw a Darbyite at any of our Bible, or Missionary, or otherEvangelical Society meetings. The Brethren look upon all other denominations,however evangelical in sentiment, and however high their standard of personalreligion, as so largely infected with error in doctrine, as well as wrong inrelation to church government, that they believe it would be sinful toassociate with them for the promotion of religious ends. And this conviction,which is never absent from their minds, naturally has the effect of puffingthem up with spiritual pride. Believing that they alone of all religious bodieshave attained to the knowledge of the truth, it could hardly be otherwise thanthat they should look down on every other Christian sect with supreme pity,mingled, even according to the admission of some of their own number, withcontempt. . . .

Withthis feeling is naturally associated an amount of arrogance in the assertion oftheir own views, which those who differ from them often find to be unbearable.And in this respect their leader, Mr. Darby, sets them an example.

Inhis case it assumes the form of infallibility.

Mr.Darby is, to all intents and purposes a thorough Pope, though under aProtestant name. He will never admit that he is in error; and therefore verynaturally declines to argue with those who controvert the soundness of hisviews. How, indeed, could it be otherwise?”

 资料来源:Charles Spurgeon on DarbyBrethrenismhttp://www.thebereans.net/forum2/showthread.php?t=51887

参考:陈鸽论达秘弟兄(John N Darby

关于作者: 陈鸽

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