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陶恕(A W Tozer)是奥秘派吗?(陈鸽)

     40年多前,我初信蒙召时,读的第一本神学入门的书,就是陶恕写的“认识至圣者”。他注重祷告,强调与神独处,更深的认识神、经历神、亲近神。感谢主,给我了一个“奥秘派”的启蒙师傅,而不是一个冷冰冰的学术派大师。至今,陶恕的教训,仍记忆犹新,他说:不要做一个照本宣科的拉比,乃要做一个亲身经历神的“先知”。当然,今天没有使徒或先知,凡自命不凡的“使徒”或“先知”都是冒牌货,但圣经的原则不变,唯有那些亲自接受圣灵藉着圣经教训的人,才能有道可传,有话可说。这也是华人教会的需要!今天太多假冒圣旨的灵恩派神棍,和卖弄学术的归正派大师,但会悟神旨意的“先知”在哪里?

耶利米 23:18 有谁站在耶和华的会中得以听见并会悟他的话呢?有谁留心听他的话呢…… 21 我没有打发那些先知,他们竟自奔跑;我没有对他们说话,他们竟自预言。22 他们若是站在我的会中,就必使我的百姓听我的话,又使他们回头离开恶道和他们所行的恶。

     有人说:陶恕是“奥秘派”,与其我为他辩护,不如让他自己分解。以下,我翻译了陶恕亲口说的一段话:

“我的一些朋友们,其中有善意的,也有些责难的,称我为“神秘主义者”。我愿对这个我可能有的神秘色彩说两句话:

     如果一位天使长,从天而降,开始启示我、教导我、光照我、指点我,我就会向他要经文。我要问他说:“我想知道,圣经上哪里是这么说的?”我会坚持他的教训要合乎圣经,因为我不相信任何圣经以外的教训,或违背圣经的教训,或替代圣经的教训。”

    “我想,我们得强调神所强调的重点,并且不屈不挠,按着正意解经,并以圣经为准。就算我看到比太阳更高的亮光,我也要闭口不言,直到我察考了但以理、启示录、并其它的经卷,找到其真理依据,否则我不敢说出来。但如果没找到,我就会想:我吃了不该吃的东西,我也会一言不发。因为,我不相信任何圣经没有的、或违反圣经的东西。”《圣灵所带来的不同》陶恕

    总结:当然,陶恕“与我们是一样性情的人”(雅 5:17),他也有自己的局限和盲点,他有时引用一些天主教神秘主义者的东西,尽管如此,陶恕与他们有本质的不同,他仍不愧为一位引人认识基督并他话语的时代“先知”。

    补充:我们对神的认识,容易走上两个极端:一是学术派,全凭理性头脑;二是奥秘派,全凭经历感觉。我们需要平衡。神超越人的理性和情感,让我们用心灵和诚实(英文:Spirit and Truth = 也可以翻译为:圣灵和真理)敬拜他(约 4:24)。他必兴旺,我必衰微”(约 3:30)

    “Some
of my friends good-humoredly—and some a little bit severely—have called me a
‘mystic.’ Well I’d like to say this about any mysticism I may suppose to have.
If an archangel from heaven were to come, and were to start giving me, telling
me, teaching me, and giving me instruction, I’d ask him for the text. I’d say,
‘Where’s it say that in the Bible? I want to know.’ And I would insist that it
was according to the scriptures, because I do not believe in any
extra-scriptural teachings, nor any anti-scriptural teachings, or any
sub-scriptural teachings.

    I think we ought to put the emphasis where God puts it, and
continue to put it there, and to expound the scriptures, and stay by the
scriptures. I wouldn’t—no matter if I saw a light above the light of the sun,
I’d keep my mouth shut about it ’til I’d checked with Daniel and Revelation and
the rest of the scriptures to see if it had any basis in truth. And if it
didn’t, I’d think I’d just eaten something I shouldn’t, and I wouldn’t say
anything about it. Because I don’t believe in anything that is unscriptural or
that is anti-scripture.”—What Difference Does the Holy
Spirit Make?
, by A. W. Tozer 

资料来源:陶恕是个神秘主义者吗?Was A. W.
Tozer a Mystic?

https://areyouaware.wordpress.com/2009/01/21/was-a-w-tozer-a-mystic/

 

关于作者: 陈鸽

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